Lumbini Pradesh is one of the seven provinces established by the new constitution of Nepal which was adopted on 20 September 2015. The Provincial Assembly adopted Lumbini Pradesh as the permanent name by replacing its initial name Province No. 5 on October 06, 2020 by the assembly voting and Rapti Valley or Deukhuri, Dang has been declared the state capital of the province.
Lumbini Pradesh borders Gandaki Pradesh and Karnali Pradesh to the north, Sudurpashchim Pradesh to the west, and Uttar Pradesh of India to the south. The 5 major cities in this province are Butwal, & Bhairahawa from Rupandehi district , Nepalgunj from Banke district, while Ghorahi and Tulsipur from Dang district, Nepal.
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Arghakhanchi is one of the districts of Province No. 5 in Nepal. The district headquarter is Sandhikharka. The district covers an area of 1,193 km2 (461 sq mi) and has a population (2011) of 197,632. Its neighboring districts are Palpa in the east, Gulmi in the north, Kapilvastu District in the south, and Pyuthan in the west.
Kapilvastu district is often Kapilbastu, is one of the districts of Province No. 5, Nepal. The district, with Kapilbastu municipality as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,738 square kilometres (671 sq mi) and in 2001 had a population of 481,976, which increased to 571,936 in 2011. Kapilvastu district has 3 number of seats for central whereas 6 seats for state level elections.
Eastern Rukum is a district located in Province No. 5 of Nepal. It is 1 out of 12 districts of the province. Sukkot is the interim headquarter of the district. There was a decision of the government to relocate the district headquarter from Rukumkot to Golkhada, Kol, Putha Uttarganga
Pyuthan District is a "hill" district some 250 km (160 mi) west of Kathmandu in Province No. 5 in midwestern Nepal. Pyuthan covers an area of 1,309 km2 (505 sq mi) with a population of 212,484 in 2001 and 226,796 in 2011. Pyuthan Khalanga is the district's administrative center.
Dang District is located in Inner Terai in Province No. 5 in midwestern Nepal. The district, with Ghorahi as its headquarters, covers 2,955 km² and has a population (2011) of 548,141. Tulsipur, the second biggest city of Dang, is a transportation hub. There are numerous temples and gumbas in Dang Deukhuri district.[further explanation needed] Ghorahi is a proposed capital of Rapti Lumbini Province (Province 5) based on the Constitution of Nepal 2015
Banke District is a part of Province No. 5, is one of the 77 districts of Nepal. The district, located in midwestern Nepal with Nepalganj as its district headquarters, covers an area of 2,337 km2 (902 sq mi) and had a population of 385,840 in 2001 and 491,313 in 2011. There are three main cities in the Banke District: Nepalganj, Kohalpur and Khajura Bajaar.
Parasi District (Nawalparasi west of Bardaghat Susta) is a district located in Province No. 5 of Nepal. It is 1 out of 12 districts of Province No. 5. The headquarter of the district is located in Ramgram. Formerly, Parasi was part of Nawalparasi District, which split into two districts, Nawalpur District and Parasi, after the state's reconstruction of administrative divisions as of 20 September 2015.